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دکتر سید مهدی مصطفوی - ترجمه متن سوم سوالات زبان انگلیسی تخصصی آزمون دکترای الهیات 95

ترجمه متن سوم سوالات زبان انگلیسی تخصصی آزمون دکترای الهیات 95

ترجمه متن سوم سوالات زبان انگلیسی تخصصی آزمون دکترای الهیات 95


    Three periods may be distinguished in the development of the Egyptian diwan, though,  since continuity in administrative institutions tends to be stronger than changes of  governments, there arc in reality no clear cleavages

-in its concrete meaning "the House of wealth", but particularly, in an abstract sense, the Isms' or 'treasury" of the Muslim State

 Not all State revenues are 'assets of the Treasury'. as such. These latter may be defined as those monies or properties which belong to the Muslim community as a whole, the purpose to which they are devoted being dependent upon the discretion of the Imam or his delegate


 Claims in regard to which the Treasury's liability is dependent upon the existence of the necessary funds and the satisfaction of all claims in the previous category. The institution can be traced back to Muhammad in so far as there already existed in his time the embryonic notion of a Treasury of the Community, supplied by diverse forms of contributions; but its real origin is to be found in the contact between the new needs of the Community which had become the conqueror of an Empire and the pre-existing fiscal institutions of the conquered States




موضوع: آموزش زبان انگلیسی تخصصی الهیات، برچسب ها: زبان انگلیسی، آزمون دکترا، الهیات، 95، علوم قرآن و حدیث، منابع، تخصصی،
ادامه مطلب
[ دوشنبه 15 شهریور 1395 ] [ 11:18 ق.ظ ] [ سید مهدی مصطفوی ]